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7 Ways to Increase Your Horsepower and Torque

Increase Your Horsepower and Torque

In the simplest of terms, your engine is one big air pump with a series of deliberately-timed combustions that pull in and push out a mixture of air and fuel. If you are looking to see gains in either area, we’ve got a couple of ideas to get your engine performing at its peak.

1. Cold Air Intake

Upgrading to a high performance cold air intake system is one of the easiest and most affordable ways to increase horsepower. As the air coming in your vehicle gets colder, it also gets denser. Since your engine operates by taking in air, mixing it with fuel, and burning the mixture to produce power, denser air means more power. Cold air intakes feature up to 3x the size of your factory air filter. Cold air intakes are also designed to reduce unwanted turbulence and air flow resistance within the pipes which will increase airflow into your engine.

2. Larger Diameter Throttle Body

In conjunction with your fuel injection system, the air flow which goes into your engine is regulated by the throttle body. Because, as with all combustion, air is required for your engine to fire, this system is an important part of your vehicle. Installing a large-diameter throttle body with flaps that are bigger allows more air to flow into the engine, increasing several aspects of engine performance. A larger throttle body delivering air at a higher rate helps you feel faster acceleration along with a surge in engine power by up to 25 hp. You can install a throttle body spacer to enhance your fuel economy and increase engine torque as well.

3. Exhaust Header

Meeting both emissions requirements and maintaining low production costs can limit the ability of your stock exhaust manifolds to move air as efficiently as possible.  This makes aftermarket exhaust headers a good place to find extra horsepower and increase torque.  Bot long tube and short headers can significantly boost engine performance by moving air faster and more effectively.

4. High-Flow Catalytic Converter

High-flow catalytic converters don’t function very differently from your stock unit.  A high-flow catalytic converter is responsible for the same task of reducing emissions – only faster. They achieve this by using a dense internal cell count and increased volume surrounding the catalyst itself. Along with your other exhaust mods, a high-flow cat is focused on increasing the flow capability of your engine to help it make more power. High-flow cats increase power across the RPM range, though most noticeably in the lower RPM range, to deliver a boost of both horsepower and torque.

5. High-Flow Cat-Back Exhaust System

So-called for its placement behind your catalytic converter, a cat-back exhaust system replaces your restrictive stock muffler and factory exhaust pipe. Paired with an aftermarket high-flow catalytic converter, this superior system increases both torque and airflow to improve horsepower. Look for systems with large-diameter, mandrel-bent pipes to see the impressive gains. Cat-back systems also feature high-flow mufflers to contribute to the freedom of airflow through the exhaust for more power

6. Performance Programmers & Chips

Your vehicle is factory programmed to comply with certain emissions standards and provide fuel octane requirements that leave lots of performance capabilities on the table. Performance software is easy to use and usually features plug-n-play installation that connects directly to OBD-II port and even comes programmed with pre-made or customizable tuning software.

7. Forced Induction (Superchargers & Turbochargers)

Forced induction systems, offer the greatest performance increases. With a supercharger or turbocharger your engine can mix in more fuel, which allows charged engine to produce more power.  This also improves acceleration by adding more air. While a supercharger is powered by a belt that connects straight to the engine, a turbocharger gets its power from the exhaust system. Turbochargers are considered more efficient since they use wasted€ energy from the exhaust stream as their power source, but by nature present a greater delay (or turbo lag) until you feel power. Superchargers, on the opposite hand, offer instant power when you are easier to install and step on the gas.

If you want more tips to improve your vehicle’s performance you can find them at a respected and experienced performance auto shop in your area.  Contact a shop today to see what they can do for you!

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